A laboratory is that area where testing, research, innovations are tried, tested and validated before it reaches the market. It is the second house of lab technicians, researchers and scientists, where they perform experiments to develop new drugs, chemicals, study various types of living cells and DNA. They also perform other functions, such as quality control or the optimisation of certain processes prior to their industrial implementation.
Types of laboratories in Zambia
In Zambia, there are a variety of laboratory types, each of which is specifically designed and suited to the type of tests or research to be carried out, according to both the objective and needs of the technicians with scientific expertise they have.
Also known as clinical laboratories, medical laboratories are those that analyse various biological samples, such as blood or urine, to assist in the diagnosis, treatment and / or prevention of certain diseases.
In medical laboratories, the search for scientific knowledge is not usually the priority. They are usually powers linked to health services where science is applied to improve the quality of treatment for patients. Several specialisations within the medical laboratories, depending on their object of study. Examples include but are not limited to:
In biological research, especially that dealing with bacteria and viruses, there is a need to work with pathogens that could pose a serious risk to public health if they leave the laboratory environment and come into contact with the rest of the population.
These laboratories or research sites are equipped and constructed for the specific purpose of avoiding the dangerous contamination that could occur in the course of research
Quality control laboratories
Here, products and materials are tested against conformity to specifications and the absence of impurities. These laboratories form an essential component within the production and the supply chain.